[83] Even though Steiner disliked "As Time Goes By", he admitted in a 1943 interview that it "must have had something to attract so much attention. [30][31][32] When asked in his column "Movie Answer Man", critic Roger Ebert first replied, "It looks something like him. "[114], Casablanca holds a 99% approval rating and a weighted average of 9.41/10 on Rotten Tomatoes based on 91 reviews. As the audience gasped, I tried to get out of the row of seats and into the aisle, but the entire Warner family sat blocking me. : Casablanca", "Best Movie Lines That Have Stuck In Pop Culture", "Clifton's crazy connection to 'Casablanca, "Casablanca As Time Goes By Piano Up For Sale", "Casablanca: Michael Curtiz's 1942 film is a classic love story – with excellent hats", "From quintessential "good girl" to Hollywood heavyweight", "5 Things You Might Not Know About 'Casablanca' On Its 70th Anniversary", "Leonid Kinskey, 95, Bartender in 'Casablanca, "Last surviving Casablanca actress Madeleine Lebeau dies", "Special Contest / Find Jack Benny in "Casablanca, "The Bar at Cinema Vox in Tangier – Casablanca Film", "Prepared Statement of Julius Epstein, Screenwriter and Member, Writers Guild of America, West", United States House Committee on the Judiciary, "Censored Films and Television at University of Virginia online", "Who Played It Again, Sam? Brothers Julius and Philip G. Epstein were initially assigned to write the script. In the south of France, they went to a nightclub that had a multinational clientele, among them many exiles and refugees, and the prototype of Sam. Much of the emotional impact of the film, for the audience in 1942, has been attributed to the large proportion of European exiles and refugees who were extras or played minor roles (in addition to leading actors Paul Henreid, Conrad Veidt and Peter Lorre): such as Louis V. Arco, Trude Berliner, Ilka Grünig, Ludwig Stössel, Hans Heinrich von Twardowski, and Wolfgang Zilzer. There is something mystical about it. The screenplay is based on Everybody Comes to Rick's, an unproduced stage play by Murray Burnett and Joan Alison. [62], The uncredited Casey Robinson assisted with three weeks of rewrites, including contributing the series of meetings between Rick and Ilsa in the cafe. Important plot points were altered when the dialogue was dubbed into German. German Major Strasser has come to Casablanca to see that Laszlo fails. Rick storms over, furious that Sam disobeyed his order never to perform that song and is stunned to see Ilsa. [81], The music was written by Max Steiner, who wrote scores for King Kong and Gone with the Wind. [40], According to Harmetz, the usual route out of Germany, at least for people in the film industry, was not via Morocco and Lisbon but via Vienna, Prague, Paris and England. Warner Bros. story editor Irene Diamond convinced producer Hal B. Wallis to purchase the film rights to the play in January 1942. Casey Robinson said Curtiz "knew nothing whatever about story ... he saw it in pictures, and you supplied the stories. The entire picture was shot in the studio, except for the sequence showing Strasser's arrival, which was filmed at Van Nuys Airport, and a few short clips of stock footage views of Paris. "[61] By the time they had driven past Fairfax and the Cahuenga Pass and through the Warner Brothers studio's portals at Burbank, in the words of Julius Epstein, "the idea for the farewell scene between a tearful Bergman and a suddenly noble Bogart" had been formed and all the problems of the ending had been solved. He suggests to Rick that they join the Free French in Brazzaville. When the police arrest Laszlo on a trumped-up charge, Rick persuades Renault to release him by promising to set him up for a much more serious crime: possession of the letters. [173], Casablanca was part of the film colorization controversy of the 1980s,[174] when a colorized version aired on the television network WTBS. (uncredited), Man with Expired Papers It was referred to in Terry Gilliam's dystopian Brazil (1985). [76][23] Curtiz was a Hungarian Jewish émigré; he had come to the U.S. in 1926, but some of his family were refugees from Nazi Europe. Ugarte says the letters had been signed by (depending on the listener) either Vichy General Weygand or Free French General de Gaulle. [171] The original play, Everybody Comes to Rick's, was produced in Newport, Rhode Island, in August 1946, and again in London in April 1991, but met with no success. The background of the final scene, which shows a Lockheed Model 12 Electra Junior airplane with personnel walking around it, was staged using little person extras and a proportionate cardboard plane. | Der Film ist eine Parodie auf den Film Casablanca mit Humphrey Bogart und Ingrid Bergman aus dem Jahr 1942. Release Dates [153], A Blu-ray release with new special features came out on December 2, 2008; it is also available on DVD. After he feigns ignorance, she responds, "Play it, Sam. "[59] It was certainly impossible for Ilsa to leave Laszlo for Rick, as the Motion Picture Production Code forbade showing a woman leaving her husband for another man. "[19] In addition, no uniformed German troops were stationed in Casablanca during World War II, and neither American nor French troops occupied Berlin in 1918. The film also ranked at number 28 on Empire's list of the 100 Greatest Movies of All Time, which stated: "Love, honour, thrills, wisecracks and a hit tune are among the attractions, which also include a perfect supporting cast of villains, sneaks, thieves, refugees and bar staff. "[31] In a later column, he responded to a follow-up commenter, "I think you're right. Even Ilsa, the least active of the main characters, is "caught in the emotional struggle" over which man she really loves. "[84] The "piano player" Dooley Wilson was actually a drummer, not a trained pianist, so the piano music for the film was played offscreen by Jean Plummer and dubbed. He applauded the combination of "sentiment, humor and pathos with taut melodrama and bristling intrigue". Casablanca had been my creation; Jack had absolutely nothing to do with it. [87][23], Very few films in the early 1940s had portions of the soundtrack released on 78 rpm records, and Casablanca was no exception. "[115] On Metacritic, the film has a perfect score of 100 out of 100, based on 18 critics, indicating "universal acclaim". The two best-known were a thirty-minute adaptation on The Screen Guild Theater on April 26, 1943, starring Bogart, Bergman, and Henreid, and an hour-long version on the Lux Radio Theater on January 24, 1944, featuring Alan Ladd as Rick, Hedy Lamarr as Ilsa, and John Loder as Victor Laszlo. [175] It was briefly available on home video. (uncredited), Englishman Questioning Casino's Honesty [162] In 2012, both The Daily Telegraph and Entertainment Weekly reported on efforts by Cass Warner, granddaughter of Harry Warner and friend of the late Howard Koch, to produce a sequel featuring the search by Rick Blaine and Ilsa Lund's illegitimate son for the whereabouts of his biological father. Filming & Production The screenplay is based on Everybody Comes to Rick's, an un… [45] Fog was used to mask the model's unconvincing appearance. [172] The film was adapted into a musical by the Takarazuka Revue, an all-female Japanese musical theater company, and ran from November 2009 through February 2010. [157] (A newspaper article at the time mentions that Bogart and Greenstreet "will continue their characterizations from the first film, and it's likely that Geraldine Fitzgerald will have an important role".[158]). [67], Bogart's line "Here's looking at you, kid", said four times, was not in the draft screenplays, but has been attributed to a comment he made to Bergman as he taught her poker between takes. [69], Despite the many writers, the film has what Ebert describes as a "wonderfully unified and consistent" script. "[137] Screenwriting teacher Robert McKee maintains that the script is "the greatest screenplay of all time". A voiceover explains the significance of the city of Casablanca, in French-ruled Morocco. [80], The cinematographer was Arthur Edeson, a veteran who had previously shot The Maltese Falcon and Frankenstein. [144][145], Eco also singled out sacrifice as a theme, "the myth of sacrifice runs through the whole film". [104] By 1955, the film had brought in $6.8 million, making it the third most successful of Warners' wartime movies (behind Shine On, Harvest Moon and This Is the Army). A German version of Casablanca with the original plot was not released until 1975. [166] Casablanca (1983 TV series) broadcast on NBC in April 1983, starred David Soul as Rick and was canceled after three weeks. [97], Casablanca received "consistently good reviews". Bob Strauss wrote in the newspaper that the film achieved a "near-perfect entertainment balance" of comedy, romance, and suspense. Todd Gitlin, a professor of sociology who had attended one of these screenings, has said that the experience was "the acting out of my own personal rite of passage". [110], According to Roger Ebert, Casablanca is "probably on more lists of the greatest films of all time than any other single title, including Citizen Kane" because of its wider appeal. Principal photography began on May 25, 1942, ending on August 3; the film was shot entirely at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California with the exception of one sequence at Van Nuys Airport in Van Nuys, Los Angeles. When Laszlo unexpectedly shows up, having narrowly escaped a police raid on a Resistance meeting, Rick has waiter Carl spirit Ilsa away. [56] The Epstein brothers and Koch never worked in the same room at the same time during the writing of the script. "[71], The film ran into some trouble with Joseph Breen of the Production Code Administration (the Hollywood self-censorship body), who opposed the suggestions that Captain Renault extorted sexual favors from his supplicants, and that Rick and Ilsa had slept together. Victor Laszlo was no longer a Resistance fighter who escaped from a Nazi concentration camp. As Bogart stepped out of his car at the awards ceremony, "the crowd surged forward, almost engulfing him and his wife, Mayo Methot. (uncredited), Native Introducing Ferrari [124], The film Casablanca was a plot device in the science-fiction television movie Overdrawn at the Memory Bank (1983), based on John Varley's story. [29] Even though many were Jewish or refugees from the Nazis (or both), they were frequently cast as Nazis in various war films, because of their accents.


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